Experience in a number of post-conflict countries has shown that mobile communication is one of the first sectors to contribute to economic recovery through increased foreign direct investment, better coordinated reconstruction, increased employment and expanded government revenues. Beyond the economic impact, ICTs can contribute to the development of social capital and trust. This study will seek to identify the specific ways in which this happens and how it might be improved.
In the first phase of this project, infoDev will lead the development of case studies about the role ICT had following conflict in Rwanda, Liberia and Sri Lanka. Community radio famously played a role in the Rwandan conflict, but ICT has been transformed into an engine of national growth. In Liberia, years of civil war ended in 2005 when a newly elected government took office, but much remains to be done in laying the foundations for long-term development. Finally, Sri Lanka is a more recent example due to the May 2009 defeat of the LTTE. The World Bank has supported extensive e-governance reforms in Sri Lanka, allowing the research to explore the benefits of ICT in the public sector.
The diversity of experience in these countries will serve as the springboard for the second portion of the work that will develop high-level policy frameworks for using ICT as a tool for sustainable reconstruction in post-conflict countries. An important part of this will be a workshop that convenes policymakers and experts to discuss and disseminate the findings.
To support this research, infoDev is hiring three short-term consultants. If you are interested, please visit the job posting and apply before the closing date of June 24th.
This research is made possible through the support of DFID.
(N.B. The research has been updated to include Rwanda instead of Cambodia.)