Global Practice In...

Global Practice Incubation Policy Development and Implementation: Brazil Case Study

This case study has been produced as part of the World Bank infoDev project on developing a policy framework and implementation strategy for business incubators in Ghana. The purpose of the case study is to analyse Brazilian public policy in incubator development and identify some critical success factors which should be considered in the development of incubators in Ghana. The study was conducted using desk research and in-country visits to meet some of the key players involved in incubator development, including government officials and incubator managers.

With a well-developed incubation ecosystem and over 400 incubators Brazil has one of the most dynamic and successful incubation movements1 in Latin America and the developing world.

Brazilian incubation is very much a bottom up process with universities acting as a key catalyst and facilitator, ensuring an emphasis on innovation while adapting incubator models to suit indigenous needs. Multiple levels of government and a diverse coalition of partners from various spheres in the main population centres and cities are involved in supporting incubators. This has ensured widespread adoption of the concept but not yet full national coverage.

The government has clearly made incubators a policy priority as demonstrated by the range of initiatives to support incubators, incubatees, innovation and enterprise development alike. The policy emphasis in Brazil focuses on the ―softer‖ services such as project funding and networking, relative to the actual provision of physical space and management of hard incubation infrastructure. The latter is primarily undertaken by the universities which supply the physical space and staff to manage incubators.

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