The report establishes the existing Jordan GIS/SDI context through conducting 15 local case studies as well as an empirical study (survey) of 48 stakeholder organizations. The study team looked at the situation of existing GIS/SDI systems, the institutional settings, the policy and legal environment, the technical and geo-data situation, the supporting physical infrastructure, the human resources available, and the funding environment. Analyzing the collected data revealed trends within the Jordanian GIS/SDI context and common challenges were identified.
Historical context was also taken into consideration on local and international levels. On a local level, a 2006 study was commissioned by MoICT and completed by Bearing-Point Jordan which provided an excellent summary of the state of GIS/SDI in Jordan at the time. In the first Interim Report, the 2011 study team provided an update to the Bearing Point document and showed that there are pockets of expertise within the country, including: DLS, MoMA, GAM, Ai and RJGC (RJGC were unable to respond directly to project requests for information, so their level of expertise was assessed through anecdotal information). Furthermore, the 2011 team proposed several recommendations to complement the “National GIS Strategy”. To ensure the continuity of the effort, the 2011 team aligned its recommendations with the proposed institutional bodies and legislative modifications.
On an international level, the team tapped into the vast international experiences in establishing national SDI programs. Eleven international case studies were selected that cover both regional and country level SDIs. Lessons learned for Jordan were derived on a per case basis. Combined with the outputs of the local context, the international cases furbished best practices and industry trends that will influence and assist the effort of establishing the Jordan SDI (JSDI).
Based on the above, it was concluded by the 2011 study team that lack of funding and capacity building were the main obstacles to successful SDI implementation in Jordan. Other challenges were identified and proper recommendations were devised including developing the following: a capacity building and HRD strategy; an SDI awareness building framework; a financing strategy; a monitoring and evaluation framework; a government and stakeholder agreement strategy; and an action plan for SDI implementation.
The study team also found that Jordan is currently at a point in time where, although there are risks and obstacles in front of the JSDI, these are not insurmountable and that a successful implementation of the JSDI is possible and a positive outcome would be expected.